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date: 01 October 2023

Latin America 

The Oxford Companion to Music
Robert StevensonRobert Stevenson, Christopher WebberChristopher Webber

Latin America, with a population of over 340 million, stretches from Mexico and Cuba south to Cape Horn. In general, Latin American music can be said to blend native Indian, transported African, and imported European elements. What gives each regional music its distinctive flavour is the relative strength of these three traditions in the mixture. The rural musics in highland areas of nations that still boast a large Indian population (e.g. Mexico, Guatemala, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador) integrate various aboriginal traits. These include ‘tight’, ‘out of tune’ melodies, and ritualistic festive performances. Prominent 20th-century Mexican (... ...

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