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Catholic emancipation

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Was achieved by an Act of Parliament of 1829, enabling Roman catholics in Britain to participate fully in public life by abolishing the Test and Corporation Acts. O'Connell's electoral success in the Co. Clare by‐election convinced Wellington that there was no means of controlling Ireland, other than to accede to the demands of the majority. English catholics played little part in the campaign. By splitting the Tory Party, with the ultra Tories regarding the actions of Wellington and Peel as a gross betrayal, it prepared the way for the Whig victory of 1830 and for the decade of reform which followed.

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