1 A specialist school or college, usually providing training in the arts or in a specific profession; for example, a music academy or a military academy. It may also be applied to a secondary school, although usually a private one. The term was used in the naming of the city academies, secondary schools set up as a trust with private sponsorship and government funding, as part of a 2002 government initiative aimed at improving the standards of performance in English inner‐city schools in areas of social deprivation. The word ‘academy’ itself derives from the garden near Athens where Plato taught his students and from which his school of philosophy took its name. In this sense the term carries connotations of serious scholarship and learning suggestive of high status and academic respectability.
2 A generic term used to describe comprehensive schools in Scotland.