queen of the Brigantes
British queen of the Brigantes. Cartimandua was queen in her own right. In ad 51 she handed over to the Romans Caratacus, the leader of the Welsh resistance. Her treaty relationship with the Romans provided them with a friendly native state on the northern frontiers of the new province. However both personal and political differences with her consort Venutius led to considerable instability. Venutius' ambitions were initially thwarted by Roman intervention in support of Cartimandua, but during the civil wars of ad 69 he seized the kingdom. The queen was rescued by Roman cavalry, but never regained her throne.