(from zeugos, ‘yoke’), at Athens, Solon's third property class, comprising men whose land yielded between 200 and 300 medimnoi of corn or the equivalent in other produce. The name identifies them as those who served in the army in close ranks, i.e. as hoplites. Many of the farmers and craftsmen of Attica fell into this class, and it provided the bulk of the city's hoplite army. Under Solon's constitution the zeugitai enjoyed full citizen rights except that they were not admitted to the highest magistracies. The archon‐ships (see archontes) were opened to them from 457/6.
Subjects: Classical studies