The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Religion


Show Summary Details



Quick Reference

A Buddhist school arising in the 3rd to 4th centuries, that denies the existence of any reality independent of consciousness. Like Berkeley the school acknowledges a supreme consciousness, or vijnana, and is also designated the Vijnanavada or Vijnana school. The supreme consciousness serves as a kind of storehouse for perceptions. By a process of meditation we can come to awareness of the truth, and eliminate the illusory distinction between subject and object.

Subjects: Religion

Reference entries