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John Wyclif

(c. 1330—1384) theologian, philosopher, and religious reformer

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English religious reformer. He criticized the wealth and power of the Church and upheld the Bible as the sole guide for doctrine; his teachings were disseminated by itinerant preachers and are regarded as precursors of the Reformation. Wyclif instituted the first English translation of the complete Bible. His followers were known as Lollards.

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