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Activities involving physical and/or mental effort. While a large part of this is in paid employment, or working for economic gain while self-employed, there are other forms of work. This is recognized in the terms voluntary work, where people perform for charities or political parties tasks other people are paid for, and housework, where people work for the welfare of their families. See also hours of work; part-time work; shift work; skilled work; unskilled work.

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