Archibald Percival Wavell
(1883—1950) army officer and viceroy of India
British general, commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939, he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940. In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories from December 1940 to February 1941, taking prisoner 130,000 Italians. He was then ordered to give priority to helping Greece. There, and in Africa, German contingents inflicted defeat and in spring 1941 both Cyrenaica and Greece were lost. In July Auchinleck took over and Wavell became C.‐in‐C., India. He could not stop the loss of Malaya, Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, and Burma to the Japanese. Promoted field marshal and viscount, he became viceroy of India in June 1943.