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Earl of Warwick, Richard Neville

(1428—1471) magnate

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known as ‘the Kingmaker’. Warwick was the mightiest of overmighty subjects, who was instrumental in putting Edward IV on the throne in 1461, deposing him in 1470, and restoring Henry VI. Warwick owed his power to his vast estates, combining in his own hands no fewer than four earldoms. Neville resources enabled the Yorkists successfully to overthrow Henry VI in 1461. In the next four years Warwick proved indispensable to Edward IV. Lavishly rewarded and allowed to take virtual control of northern England, he resented loss of influence after 1465. He first withdrew from court (1467) and eventually after two abortive rebellions (1469 and 1470) he resorted to the restoration of Henry VI. However, the restoration was short‐lived and on Easter Sunday 1471 Warwick was defeated and killed by Edward IV at Barnet. He was an inept general, and this, in the last resort, was his undoing.

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