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Adriaen de Vries

(c. 1545—1626)

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(b The Hague, c.1545; bur. Prague, 15 Dec. 1626).

Netherlandish sculptor active mainly in central Europe, notably for the emperor Rudolf II (see Habsburg) in Prague. He spent most of the 1580s in Italy, where he assisted Giambologna in Florence and Pompeo Leoni in Milan. His first independent documented work is Mercury and Psyche (1593, Louvre, Paris), made for Rudolf II. This, like most of his sculpture is in bronze, a material in which he imitated Giambologna's sleek and elegant Mannerist style with great accomplishment; he played a leading role in spreading this style to northern Europe. His major works included two fountains in Augsburg (1599, 1602) and another made for Fredericksberg Castle, Copenhagen (1615–17). The figures from the Copenhagen fountain were taken by the Swedes as war booty in 1659 and are now in the Palace of Drottningholm near Stockholm. None of de Vries's commissions came from the Low Countries.

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