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A Vaiṣṇava tradition which, since around the 10th century ce, has been preserved in the ritual practices of the South Indian temple brahmin priests of the same name, notably at Tirupati. It claims unbroken descent from the Taittirīya ritualists of the Black Yajur Veda, and so regards itself as a vaidika tradition. Its worship of Viṣṇu is derived from the Vaikhānasa(smārta) Sūtra (4th century ce), and from Saṃhitās expounding a ritual theology which employs a similar vocabulary to that found in the Pāñcarātra Saṃhitās, although it interprets it in its own way. The tradition takes its name from its legendary founder, Vikhanas.

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