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In psychoanalysis, the type of non-linguistic and largely visual representation of memories that is characteristic of the unconscious (2), whereas in the preconscious and in consciousness thing-presentations do not occur alone but are accompanied by or associated with word-presentations. In a typical passage in an article on ‘The Unconscious’ (1915), Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) referred to this phenomenon: ‘The conscious presentation comprises the presentation of the thing plus the presentation of the word belonging to it, while the unconscious presentation is the presentation of the thing alone’ (Standard Edition, XIV, pp. 166–215, at p. 201).

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