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Theodōrus

(d. 540 bc)


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Samian architect (see samos), sculptor, and metalworker, active c.550–520 bc. He made a massive silver mixing‐bowl dedicated by Croesus at Delphi, Polycrates' (1) famous ring, and a golden vine eventually owned by Darius I. He also built the ‘Scias’ at Sparta (apparently an assembly‐hall), and assisted in the construction of the temples of Hera at Samos (upon which he wrote a book) and of Artemis at Ephesus. He reportedly invented the line, rule, lathe, and lever, and made advances in bronze‐casting. His bronze self‐portrait was renowned for its realism, and showed him holding a file and a tiny chariot‐and‐four; the latter was exhibited at Praeneste in Pliny the Elder's time.

Subjects: Classical studies


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