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Catherine of Aragon (1485—1536) queen of England, first consort of Henry VIII.

Anne Boleyn (1507—1536) queen of England, second consort of Henry VIII.

Anne (1665—1714) queen of Great Britain and Ireland

Jane Seymour (c. 1509—1537) queen of England, third consort of Henry VIII.

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Acts of Succession

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1534, 1536, 1543.

Henry VIII used statutes to make the adjustments to the succession that his complicated matrimonial history necessitated. The first Act (25 Hen. VIII c. 22) declared Mary illegitimate as a consequence of his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. The second (28 Hen. VIII c. 7) after Anne Boleyn's execution declared both Mary and Elizabeth illegitimate and vested the succession in any future offspring of Henry's new wife, Jane Seymour. The third Act (35 Hen. VIII c. 1), while recognizing Edward's claim, declared that should he die without heirs, Mary and Elizabeth would succeed in turn. By his will, made in December 1546, Henry repeated these arrangements but added that the succession would then go to the Suffolk line, offspring of his younger sister Mary. The Stuart line, descendants of his elder sister Margaret, was ignored. These repeated changes, from a man anxious to establish a clear succession, could only store trouble for the future.

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