(Skt.; Pāli, sa-upadhisesa-nibbāna). ‘Nirvāṇa with the substratum of life remaining’. The condition or state of being awakened in this life (as was the Buddha) through the destruction of the impurities (āśrava) and defilements (kleśa). Also known in Pāli sources as the extinction of the defilements (kilesa-parinibbāna). In such a person the five aggregates (skandha) that constitute individuality remain, and he is still exposed to the possibility of suffering and the effect of previous karma. Only at death when final nirvāṇa (parinirvāṇa) is attained is suffering completely at an end. See also nirupādhiśeṣa-nirvāṇa.