Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Related Content

Related Overviews

Chiang Kai-shek (1887—1975) Chinese statesman and general, President of China 1928–31

National Government

Northern Expedition

Communist Party

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • History
  • Contemporary History (post 1945)

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

Tse-ven Paul Soong

(1894—1971)


Quick Reference

(b. 4 Dec. 1894, d. 24 Apr. 1971).

Chinese Minister of Finance 1928–33 Born in Shanghai, he graduated from Harvard before returning to China, where he became a pivotal supporter of Chiang Kai‐shek. He was responsible for the financial administration in the National Government, introducing a finance reform, establishing the Central Bank of China in Guangzhou (Canton), and financing the Northern Expedition. A supporter of cooperation with the Communist Party against the Japanese, his financing skills were constantly outstripped by Chiang's need for increasing military spending. As Chiang's representative to the USA during World War II and as Prime Minister 1945–7, he secured many substantial loans from the USA, though much of that money went into his own pocket. He retired to the USA in 1949 as one of the richest people in the world.


Reference entries