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electress of Hanover Sophia (1630—1714) electress of Hanover, consort of Ernst August

George I (1660—1727) king of Great Britain and Ireland and elector of Hanover

St Anne

Charles Edward Stuart (1720—1788) Jacobite claimant to the English, Scottish, and Irish thrones

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Act of Settlement

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A statute of 1701 that vested the British Crown in Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James I of England and VI of Scotland) and her Protestant heirs, so excluding Roman Catholics, including the Stuarts, from the succession. Sophia's son became George I.

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