Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Related Content

Related Overviews

Andrew Jackson (1767—1845) American general and Democratic statesman, 7th President of the US 1829–37

Osceola (c. 1800—1839)

Adams-Onís Treaty

Florida

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Social sciences
  • Warfare and Defence

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

Seminole Wars


Quick Reference

(1816–18; 1835–42)

Two wars against Native American in the south-east US. Natives of Florida, the Seminole retaliated against US military forces sent into their area in search of escaped slaves. Andrew Jackson's subsequent punitive expedition forced the Seminole south into the Everglades. In 1819 Spain ceded east Florida to the USA, and in 1832 the Seminole were forced to sign a treaty involving their removal to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi (Trail of Tears). A substantial part of the tribe under Osceola refused to move and held out in the Everglades until Osceola was treacherously captured and most of his followers exterminated. General William T. Worth then ordered (1841) that the Seminoles' crops be burned and their villages destroyed. Starved into surrender, the Seminole signed a peace treaty (1842) and accepted their deportation westwards.


Reference entries

View all reference entries »