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Simone de Beauvoir (1908—1986) French existentialist philosopher, novelist, and feminist


Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908—1961)

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Jean-Paul Sartre

(1905—1980) French philosopher, novelist, dramatist, and critic

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A French existentialist writer and philosopher who attempted to develop a humanist critique of and philosophical foundation for Marxism. His most accessible work of interest to the social sciences is The Problem of Method (1957) but see also Being and Nothingness (1943) and The Critique of Dialectical Reason (1960).

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