(b. 12 Jan. 1893, d. 16 Oct. 1946).
Chief Nazi ideologist A refugee of German descent from Estonia, he joined the Nazi Party in 1919 and became editor of the party newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter in 1923. In his attempt to systematize a Nazi ideology, he published Der Mythos des 20. Jahrhunderts (The Myth of the Twentieth Century, 1930). In it he proposed, among other things, the creation of a new religion based on the superiority of the German race. He led the fight against the Churches, and contributed towards the cultural policies of the Nazis. In 1934 he was officially put in charge of supervising the ideological development of the Nazi Party, and from 1941 to 1945 he was Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories, though his actual influence on developments in these areas was relatively modest. At the Nuremberg Trials he was found guilty and executed.