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Daniel Defoe (1660—1731) writer and businessman

William Dampier (1652—1715) buccaneer and explorer

Alexander Selkirk (1676—1721) mariner, castaway, and probable source of inspiration for the character Robinson Crusoe

Noble savage

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Robinson Crusoe

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This fictional autobiography, published anonymously in 1719 by Daniel Defoe, has attained the status of myth. Although its indebtedness to the true story of the experiences of Alexander Selkirk has been exaggerated, Crusoe's shipwreck and subsequent desert‐island experience is central whether it is approached as traveller's tale, religious allegory, or proto‐novel.

Subjects: Literature

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