The battle of Pydna takes its name from the town on the NE coast of Greece, where the Romans under Aemilius Paullus (2) ended the Macedonian monarchy by defeating Perseus (168 bc). The main Macedonian army deployed faster than the Roman, and at first the phalanx carried all before it. But it became disrupted, and the Romans were able to infiltrate its formation by dividing into maniples. At the same time, Roman cavalry and elephants defeated the Macedonian left wing, thus enveloping the phalanx's left flank, and the same thing probably happened on the Macedonian right. Some 20,000 Macedonians were killed, and about 11,000 taken prisoner, only the cavalry escaping in any numbers.
Subjects: Classical studies