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Italian poet. His reputation is chiefly based on the Canzoniere (c. 1351–3), a sonnet sequence in praise of a woman he calls Laura. Petrarch was also an important figure in the rediscovery of Greek and Latin literature; he wrote most of his works in Latin. In 1341 Petrarch was crowned Poet Laureate.

Petrarchan denotes a sonnet of the kind used by him, with an octave rhyming abbaabba, and a sestet typically rhyming cdcdcd or cdecde.

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