Partai Islam Se-Malaysia
Islamic Party of Malaysia. Formed in 1951 by members of three political parties (Malay Nationalist Party, Hizbul Muslimin, and United Malays National Organization) and registered as a political party in 1956. The party advocated formation of an Islamic state. During the decade after 1956 it gave priority to radical Malay nationalism and pan-Indonesianism. During the 1970s it symbolized conservative Malay nationalism coupled with support for the goals of traditional Islam. In the late 1970s it called for alterations in the federal constitution to bring it more into line with traditional Islamic law and administration, and criticized the government's policies as being devoid of spiritual values. Since 1982 it has given priority to reformist Islamic goals and downplayed Malay nationalism. Led by Islamists today, its strength lies in rural Malay peasants and traditional village leaders, who are not always receptive to fundamentalism. Main rival to the United Malays National Organization. Formed governments in Kelantan and Trengannu in the 1990s.