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An acronym for the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, the nongovernmental organization founded in Oxford, United Kingdom, in 1942 to cope with wartime famines. OXFAM is now a major worldwide nongovernmental organization dedicated to providing food relief, medical services, and supplies to distressed populations, whether the cause of their predicament is a natural disaster, such as drought, earthquake, or flood, or a manmade disaster, such as local or regional warfare. The activities of the original agency are at OXFAM's worldwide activities can be reviewed at

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