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Mohammad Natsir

(d. 1993)


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(d. 1993)

Indonesian intellectual, writer, nationalist, journalist, and politician. Held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural tradition of classical Islam was essential for the modernization of Muslim societies. Understood the nation-state as a tool for constructing Islamic society. Emphasized the relationship between a just society and the rewards of heaven, using the Quran and Muhammad's example as a sociological model for achieving both. Devoted in his younger years to Indonesian nationalism, development, and the struggle to establish a more explicitly Islamic social system; later was the most outspoken proponent of fundamentalism in contemporary Indonesia. Blamed the Christian community for the establishment of Indonesia as a secular rather than Islamic state. Revered by Indonesian Muslim fundamentalists.

Subjects: Religion


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