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[French monter ‘to assemble’]

1. Most broadly, in European film-making, a synonym for editing. The process of editing shots into a sequence and/or the editing of sequences into the form of a complete film. In film theory it is distinguished from mise-en-scène and is regarded as specific to the filmic medium.

2. The use of many short shots to portray action or a sequence of shots representing a condensed series of events.

3. (montage editing) Any film-editing style that represents a contrast to continuity editing.

4. (montage sequence) Any striking sequence of images in a film in which the meaning depends primarily on their juxtaposition: e.g. the sequence of photographic stills in Pakula's The Parallax View (1974).

5. Soviet or thematic montage: see dialectical montage.

6. In art and design, an assemblage of cut-out images affixed to a flat surface, typically overlapping. Collage is a related form but the cut-outs are not necessarily representational.

7. Photographic montage: see photomontage.

Subjects: Media studies

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