George Herbert Mead
(1863—1931) theosophist and writer on gnosticism and Christian origins
Influential American pragmatist. Mead was educated at Oberlin College, graduating in 1883. He subsequently studied at Harvard, Leipzig and Berlin. From 1891 he worked at Michigan, where he became the friend and collaborator of John Dewey, under whose aegis he moved to Chicago in 1894. His influence was probably most pronounced in social psychology, where he attempted to show the origins of human personality and self-consciousness in processes of ‘symbolic interaction’, of both gestures and language. Mead never published a book, but his papers were collected in four volumes, The Philosophy of the Present (1932), edited by Arthur E. Murphy; Mind, Self, and Society (1934), edited by Charles W. Morris; Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century (1936), edited by Merritt H. Moore; and The Philosophy of the Act (1938), Mead's Carus Lectures of 1930, edited by Charles W. Morris.