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Augusta Maywood


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(b New York, 1825; d Lemberg, Austria-Hungary, now Lviv, Ukraine, 3 Nov. 1876)

US dancer. The first American ballerina to achieve international fame, and one of the leading names in 19th-century Italian ballet. She studied with Paul Hazard in Philadelphia from 1836 and made her debut there in Le Dieu et la bayadère in 1837. The following year however she travelled to Paris where she studied with Mazilier and Coralli and appeared as a guest ballerina with the Paris Opera in La Tarentule (1839). She never appeared on the American stage again. She married the dancer Charles Mabille and travelled with him to Lisbon. After their divorce, she stayed in Vienna where she danced with the Kärntnertor Theatre (1845–7). In 1848 she went to La Scala, where she studied with Blasis and danced many of the ballerina roles, including Perrot's Faust and Cortesi's La silfide. From 1850 to 1858 she toured Italy with her own company, one of the first dancers to have her own touring ensemble. She was especially admired for her dancing in Giselle, Faust, and La Esmeralda. She created the title role in Filippo Termanini's Rita Gauthier in 1856. She returned to Vienna in 1858 where she opened a school and in 1873 retired to Lake Como.

Subjects: Performing artsDance

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