(1812—1887) author and social reformer
a co‐founder and briefly joint editor of Punch. The first of his many plays was The Wandering Minstrel (1834). He wrote novels, books on science, religion, education, and travel, and The Boyhood of Martin Luther (1865). But he is chiefly remembered for his London Labour and the London Poor (1851), an investigation into the plight of the London poor which revealed the extent to which starvation, disease, and transportation were daily horrors. He performed similar work on the subject of prisons.