‘A highly differentiated identity category with its own internal relations of alliance, subordination and dominance’ (R. Connell1995). McDowell (2002) Env. & Plan. D 20, 1 explores the social construction of masculinities among white working-class youth in contemporary Britain; see Malam (2008) Soc. & Cult. Geog. 9, 2 on Thai masculinities.