(1741—1812) literary scholar and biographer
literary critic and Shakespearian scholar, published in 1778 his An Attempt to Ascertain the Order in Which the Plays Attributed to Shakespeare Were Written, and edited the works of Goldsmith (1780), Reynolds (1791), and the prose works of Dryden (1800). He was a friend of Boswell, and a member of the Club, and gave great assistance with Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson (1791). He exposed the forgeries of Chatterton and Ireland. His new edition of Shakespeare was issued posthumously in 1821 in 21 volumes by James Boswell the younger.