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John Wyclif (c. 1330—1384) theologian, philosopher, and religious reformer


Piers Plowman

Sir John Oldcastle (c. 1378—1417) soldier, heretic, and rebel

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(from Dutch lollaerd, ‘mumbler’), applied to a heretical sect devoted to piety, implying pretentions to great virtue; it was borrowed in late 14th‐cent. English to apply with the same connotations to the Wyclifites. See Wyclif and Oldcastle.

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