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The capital of Tibet.sited on a tributary of the Brahmaputra river, possibly founded during the 7th century ce reign of Songtsen Gampo (Tib., Srong-btsan sgampo) who is credited with constructing a fortress there as well as the famous Jokhang. Its importance declined somewhat during the period after the last Tibetan king in the 9th century but regained its importance under the Dalai Lama V who established it as the secular and religious headquarters of his hegemony. The construction of the Potala.the residence of the Dalai Lamas until 1959, was completed during his reign. A number of important Gelukpa monasteries such as Sera andGanden are located in the region surrounding Lhasa.

Subjects: Religion

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