Orlande de Lassus
(b Mons, 1532; d Munich, 1594).
Flemish composer. In boyhood and youth travelled in Sicily and Italy in service of various aristocrats. Choirmaster, St John Lateran, Rome, 1553–4. Returned to Flanders, settling in Antwerp. Pubd. first vol. of madrigals, motets, and chansons, 1556. Entered service of Duke of Bavaria at court in Munich, 1556, becoming Kapellmeister 1563, the year he began his 7 Penitential Psalms (1563–70). Wrote nearly 2,000 works, mainly motets, madrigals, masses, canzonas, chansons, and psalms. Ranked with Palestrina and Victoria as among supreme masters of 16th‐cent. polyphonic art. Complete catalogue of works pubd. Berlin 1956 (ed. W. Boettcher).