Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Related Content

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Archaeology

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

Kunda Culture


Quick Reference

[CP]

Mesolithic hunter‐ gatherer communities of the east Baltic forest zone extending eastwards into northern Russia dating to the period c.7000–5000 bc. Most Kunda settlements are located near the edge of the forests beside rivers, lakes, or marshes. Elk was extensively hunted, perhaps helped by trained domestic hunting‐dogs. On the coast seal hunting is represented. Pike and other fish were taken from the rivers. There is a rich bone and antler industry, especially in relation to fishing gear. Tools were decorated with simple geometric designs, lacking the complexity of the contemporary Maglemosian communities to the southwest. The Kunda Culture is succeeded by the Narva Culture, who use pottery and show some traces of food production.

Subjects: Archaeology


Reference entries