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Franz Kafka

(1883—1924) Czech novelist

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German‐speaking Jewish novelist, born in Prague, whose works (most of them published posthumously) had an immense influence on European and American literature. They include The Trial (1925), The Castle (1926), and the short story ‘The Metamorphosis’ (1915). They portray an uncertain, troubled, surreal world, in which lonely individuals are threatened by incomprehensible events and processes: the mood, recurring situations, and disturbing narrative style of these fictions have given rise to the widely used adjective ‘Kafkaesque’.

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