(1210—1238) queen of Scots, consort of Alexander II.
B. 22 July 1210, eldest da. of John, king of England, and Isabella of Angoulême; m. Alexander II of Scotland, 19 June 1221; d. London, 5 Mar. 1238; bur. Tarrant Kaines abbey, Dorset.
A marriage between the young lord Alexander and any future daughter of king John had been mooted as early as 1209, at the treaty of Norham, with Northumbria as possible tocher, but it was not until 1221 that such a union was solemnized at York. Joan's younger brother Henry (III) was by then on the English throne, and the alliance helped ease Anglo-Scottish relations, though any influence over husband or brother appears minimal; failure to produce a child may have contributed. After both kings met at York in September 1237, Joan continued south, on pilgrimage to Canterbury with Henry's wife, Eleanor, but she was taken ill that winter in London, where she died.