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John of Gaunt

(1340—1399) prince and steward of England


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(1340–99)

Fourth son of Edward III of England. Born in Ghent, he was created Duke of Lancaster in 1362. John of Gaunt headed the government during the final years of his father's reign and the minority of Richard II, and was effective ruler of England in this period. His son Henry Bolingbroke later became King Henry IV.


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