T. E. Hulme
(1883—1917) philosopher and poet
poet, essayist, and (in his own phrase) ‘philosophic amateur’, whose reaction against Romanticism and advocacy of the ‘hard dry image’ influenced Imagism. His essay ‘Romanticism and Classicism’ defines Romanticism as ‘spilt religion’, and predicts a new ‘cheerful, dry and sophisticated’ poetry. Only six of his poems were published in his lifetime, five in Orage's New Age, 1912, as ‘The Complete Poetical Works of T. E. Hulme’. Hulme also contributed to the New Age his essays on Bergson, whom he also translated. He was killed in action, and much of his work survived only in notebooks. Speculations: Essays on Humanism and the Philosophy of Art (1924) and Notes on Language and Style (1929) were edited by Read. Hulme's double role as conservative and Modernist had considerable influence on the development of 20th‐cent. taste; T. S. Eliot described him in 1924 as ‘classical, reactionary and revolutionary’.