(1554—1600) theologian and philosopher
English ecclesiastical writer and political theorist. Hooker's masterpiece is a work in eight books Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity. The first four books were published together in 1593, the fifth was published in 1597, and the rest appeared after his death. Hooker based his defence of the Church of England on the natural law tradition, and lying behind that on Aristotelianism. He was a major influence on John Locke.