The study of past human geographies; of past landscapes; ‘geographic perspectives on the past’ (Historical Geography website). ‘The study of the organization of space in the…context of time’ (X. de Planhol1994). ‘The relationship between humans and their environment in particular socio-cultural, spatio-temporal contexts’ (U. Fellmeth et al., eds 2007). ‘Historical geography may be viewed as being concerned with the historical dimension in geography, and geographical history with the geographical dimension in history’ (A. Baker2003). Gregory and Healey (2007) PHG 31, 5 examine the creation and dissemination of historical GIS databases, and the use of GIS to perform quantitative and qualitative analyses. For ‘progress reports’ on historical geography, see Naylor (2005) PHG 29, 5; (2006) PHG 30, 6; and (2008) PHG 32, 2.