Oscar Hammerstein II
(1895—1960) American librettist
US lyricist, playwright, and one of the most influential writers of musical plays.
Son of a prominent American opera impresario, he became a stage manager in the theatre and began writing plays in 1917. He wrote the book or lyrics, or both, collaborating with composers Vincent Youmans (1898–1946), Rudolf Friml (1879–1972), Sigmund Romberg (1887–1951), Jerome Kern, and, most successfully, Richard Rodgers. The Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals include Oklahoma (1943), South Pacific (1949), and The Sound of Music (1959), many of which were subsequently made into films.