House of Dessalines
House of Christophe
House of Soulouque
Heinl, R. D., Jr., and N. G. Heinl, Written in Blood: the Story of the Haitian People, 1492–1971 (Boston, 1978).
Jacques I (Jean-Jacques Dessalines) (proclaimed emperor at Haitian independence 1804; division of Haiti 1807)
Henri I (Henri Christophe) (president of northern Haiti 1807; proclaimed king 1811; reunification of Haiti 1820)
Faustin I (Faustin Soulouque) (president of Haiti 1847; emperor 1849; deposed, died 1867; republic of Haiti)