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One of the principal dynasties of central Europe from medieval to modern times.

Taking their name from a castle in Aargau, Switzerland, the family established a hereditary monarchy in Austria in 1282, and secured the title of Holy Roman emperor from 1452, reaching its peak of power under Emperor Charles V. Austrian and Spanish branches were created when Charles divided the territories between his son Philip II and his brother Ferdinand; the Habsburgs ruled Spain 1504–1700, while Habsburg rule in Austria ended with the collapse of Austria–Hungary in 1918.

Habsburg lip a term for the prominent lower lip and chin characteristic of the Habsburg family, and said to be the result of inbreeding.

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