(1669—1748) bishop of London
Bishop of London, scholar and prelate. Educated at Oxford, Gibson produced several translations of major historical works, including Camden's Britannia, before being ordained in 1697. His extensive researches in ecclesiastical law resulted in 1713 in the publication of his monumental Codex juris. A high‐church Whig, he was appointed bishop of Lincoln in 1716, and in 1723 translated to the see of London. In the early years of his administration Walpole relied heavily on him in church affairs and patronage. Their association ended in 1736 over Walpole's support for the Quakers' Bill, which Gibson had advised his fellow bishops to oppose. Gibson was passed over for Canterbury in 1737.