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John Locke (1632—1704) philosopher

Christian Wolff (1679—1754)

Isaac Newton (1642—1727) natural philosopher and mathematician


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Giancinto Sigismondo Gerdil


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Savoyard theologian, and eventually (1777), cardinal of the church. A disciple of Malebranche, and opponent of Locke, Wolff, and Newton, Gerdil wrote a critique of Émile from an Aristotelian perspective, arguing that spiritual and intellectual development must take place within a morally ordered society.

Subjects: Philosophy

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