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Thomas Gage

(1721—1787) army officer and colonial governor

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British general, appointed British commander in America in 1763, after service in Flanders, at Culloden, and in the French and Indian wars. His responsibilities shifted from frontier defence to quelling unrest in such towns as New York and Boston. He was appointed governor of Massachusetts in 1774 to enforce the Coercive Acts, but he bungled Lexington and Concord, and resigned after Bunker Hill.

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