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industrialization of food production

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The increasing intensification and capitalization of the production, transport, storage, and retailing of foods, especially of ‘Westernized’ products, associated with agribusiness and transnational corporations. ‘Very powerful corporations dominate many sectors. Primary producers are locked into tight specifications and contracts. Consumers may benefit from cheaper food but there are quality implications and health externalities. As consumer confidence has been shaken, new quality agencies have been created. Tensions have emerged about the state's role as facilitator of industrial efficiencies. Food policy is thus torn between the pursuit of productivity and reduced prices and the demand for higher quality, with implications for both producers and consumers in the developing world’ (Lang (2003) Dev. Policy Rev. 21, 5/6).

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